A Reflection on “Robinson Crusoe Economy” and its Evolutionary Logic in Western Economics
Du Liqun;Wang Huan;School of Economics, Peking University;
Though the original Robinson Crusoe in the history of Western literature bears the spirit of capitalism and the brilliance of Christian ethics, this book character is depicted as an "economic man" holding to the principle of maximizing self-interest in Western economics. This paper illustrates how the economic model of "Robinson Crusoe economy" gradually deviated from the novel — and even further away from the reality — by elaborating its progress of becoming perfect, normalized and rigorous in the history of economic thoughts, and discusses its feature of individualistic methodology, so as to get a glimpse of how Western economics transformed from classical political economy to neoclassical economics. After reflecting upon the idealized abstraction in economic methodology, this paper points out both the rationality and limitations of "Robinson Crusoe economy", making an effort to help orthodox economics break through its bottleneck and challenges to get prepared for a new phase of development or revolution.
【CateGory Index】： F091.3;F0