On Zhu Guangqian’s Ethical Thought
Xiao Qunzhong;School of Philosophy,Renmin University of China;
Zhu Guangqian(1897-1986, 朱光潜) was not only a famous aesthetician in China, but actually had very rich and systematic ethical thought. He believes that life is the basis of ethics and learning, while morality is not only based on people's reason but also on their emotion. In addition, morality can't be separated from certain values. The pursuit of truth, goodness, beauty and good life, adhering to moral principles, correctly handling the relationship between the group and oneself, and establishing a correct outlook on life, are the basis of the main values of morality. Morality is the norm to deal with the relationship among the people. The primary problem of moral concern is dealing with the group(处群)or mass education(群育). The principles of benevolence and righteousness, the sense of compassion(恻隐之心), the sense of shame and the sense of evil(羞恶之心)are the universal moral principles in dealing with interpersonal relationships. Especially for young people, they should properly deal with the relationship between friendship, love and marriage. Zhu Guangqian's ethical thought is broad and profound. His innovative vision, view and methodology are deeply enlightening and have high academic value. This study reveals the brilliance of his thought, which is conducive to strengthening the study of China's ethical thought heritage of the 20 th century and promoting the academic progress of contemporary Chinese ethics.